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VMware vSphere: What's New [V5.5 to V6.5]

Overview:
In this hands-on training course, you will explore the new features and enhancements in VMware vCenter Server® 6.5 and VMware ESXi™ 6.5. Real-world use case deployment scenarios, hands-on lab exercises, and lectures will teach you the skills that you need to effectively implement and configure VMware vSphere® 6.5. This course is recommended for customers who want to deploy vSphere 6.5 into their existing vSphere environment.

Objectives:

  • By the end of the course, you should be able to meet the following objectives:
  • List and describe key enhancements in vSphere 6.5
  • Use VMware vSphere® Client™, VMware Host Client™, and the VMware vCenter® Server Appliance™ shell 
  • Add users to the lockdown exception users list and test the lockdown mode
  • Configure virtual machines to check for and install newer versions of VMware Tools™
  • Upgrade virtual machines to the current hardware
  • Create a multisite content library for synchronizing virtual machine templates, vApps, ISO images, and scripts across vCenter Server instances
  • Enable the VMware vSphere® Authentication Proxy service to automatically add new hosts to the Active Directory domain
  • Configure NFS- and iSCSI-backed virtual volumes to provide a common storage platform, independent of the underlying storage hardware
  • Create storage policies and use these policies with virtual machines and virtual volume datastores
  • Work with VMware vSphere® Network I/O Control to create and configure a distributed switch
  • Use VMware vSphere® vMotion® to migrate virtual machines across vCenter Server instances
  • Activate the high availability feature of vCenter Server Appliance
  • Back up a vCenter Server Appliance instance by using a file-based backup solution from the vCenter Server Appliance Management Interface
  • Use virtual machine encryption to encrypt and decrypt virtual disks
  • Use encrypted vSphere vMotion to securely migrate virtual machines
  • Migrate from Windows vCenter Server to vCenter Server Appliance

Intended Audience:

System architects, system administrators, IT managers, VMware partners, and individuals responsible for implementing and managing vSphere architectures
 
Prerequisites:

This course requires completion of one the following courses or equivalent knowledge and administration experience with VMware ESX®/ESXi and vCenter Server:

  • VMware vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage [V5.5 or V6]
  • VMware vSphere: Fast Track [V5.5 or V6]
  • VMware vSphere: What’s New [V5.5 or V6]
  • VMware vSphere: Troubleshooting [V5.5 or V6]
  • The course material presumes that you can perform the following tasks with no assistance or guidance before enrolling in this course:
  • Install and configure ESX or ESXi
  • Install vCenter Server
  • Create vCenter Server objects, such as data centers and folders
  • Create and manage vCenter Server roles and permissions
  • Create and modify a standard switch
  • Create and modify a distributed switch
  • Connect an ESX/ESXi host to NAS, iSCSI, or Fibre Channel storage
  • Create a VMware vSphere® VMFS datastore
  • Enable vSphere vMotion on an ESX/ESXi host
  • Use a wizard or a template to create a virtual machine
  • Modify a virtual machine’s hardware
  • Migrate a virtual machine with vSphere vMotion
  • Migrate a virtual machine with VMware vSphere® Storage vMotion®
  • Configure and manage a VMware vSphere® Distributed Resource Scheduler™ cluster with resource pools
  • Configure and manage a VMware vSphere® High Availability cluster

If you cannot complete all of these tasks, then VMware recommends that you instead take the VMware vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage [V6.5] course.
 
Outline:
1. Course Introduction

  • Introductions and course logistics
  • Course objectives
2. New Features in vSphere 6.5
  • Use vSphere Client, VMware Host Client, and the vCenter Server Appliance shell
  • Discuss the new features and enhancements in vSphere 6.5
3. Installation and Upgrade
  • Describe new vCenter Server architecture features
  • Choose between a distributed configuration and an embedded configuration, based on your requirements
  • Describe the enhancements to vCenter Server Appliance
  • Describe how to upgrade vCenter Server 5.x and 6.0 to vCenter Server 6.5
  • Describe how to upgrade an ESXi 5.x host to an ESXi 6.5 host
  • Summarize the purpose of content libraries in a vSphere environment
  • Discuss the vSphere requirements for content libraries
  • Create a local content library
  • Subscribe to a published content library
  • Deploy virtual machines from a content library
4. Compute Enhancements
  • Discuss the enhancements to vSphere 6.5 scalability and performance
  • Discuss the additional features to support hot-plug and SMART solid-state drives
  • Discuss the improvements to lockdown settings
  • Describe the addition of smart-card authentication
  • Explain the changes that enhance user accountability
  • Discuss how virtual hardware 11 and 13 extend virtual machine resource configurations
  • Describe how using large receive offload reduces CPU-associated costs for network packet processing
  • Discuss how hot-add memory is distributed across NUMA nodes in vSphere 6.x
5. Storage Enhancements
  • Describe the new features of VMFS6
  • Describe the migration procedure from VMFS5 to VMFS6
  • Discuss the benefits of using NFS v4.1 with vSphere
  • Identify the differences between NFS v3 and NFS v4.1
  • Describe the implications of using NFS v4.1
  • Describe the VMware vSAN™ enhancements in the following areas: Scalability, Performance, Availability, Space -efficiency, Operational, Usability
  • Describe the benefits of using virtual volumes
  • Describe per-virtual machine, policy-based policy management
  • Describe how VMDK data operations are offloaded to storage arrays through the use of VMware vSphere® API for Storage Awareness™
  • Describe the interoperability enhancements to VMware vSphere® Storage DRS™ and VMware vSphere® Storage I/O Control
  • Describe the enhancements to vSphere Storage DRS and Storage I/O Control that improve adherence to configured maximums and reservations
6. Security Enhancements
  • Plan for secure boot support for ESXi hosts
  • Use encryption in your vSphere environment
  • Encrypt virtual machines
  • Explain how to back up encrypted virtual machines
  • Encrypt core dumps
  • Enable encrypted vSphere vMotion
  • Deploy enhanced vCenter Server events and alarms, and vSphere logging
7. Network Enhancements
  • Use Network I/O Control
  • Upgrade Network I/O Control to version 3
  • Enable network resource management on VMware vSphere® Distributed Switch™
  • Configure bandwidth allocation for system and virtual machine traffic based on shares and reservation
  • Discuss IPv6 support in vSphere 6.0
  • Explain how the gateway per vmknic feature works and how it is configured
  • Explain the new ERSPAN headers supported in vSphere 6.5 and how they are configured
  • Describe the areas where performance improvements were made in vSphere 6.5
8. Management Enhancements
  • List the core security modules that are part of VMware Platform Services Controller™
  • List the VMware certificate management components
  • Describe certificate use changes in vSphere 6.0
  • List the certificate management components that are part of Platform Services Controller
  • Describe the primary services provided by the VMware Certificate Authority component
  • Describe the primary services provided by the VMware Endpoint Certificate Store component
  • Define VMware CA certificate replacement options
  • Describe ESXi certificate replacement options
  • Discuss certificate-based guest authentication
9. Availability Enhancements
  • Describe how vCenter Serve High Availability works
  • Describe how Platform Services Controller high availability works
  • Configure vCenter Server High Availability and Platform Services Controller high availability
  • Describe the TCP/IP stack for vSphere vMotion that was introduced in vSphere 6.0
  • Explain the changes that make vSphere vMotion migrations across high-latency networks possible
  • Discuss the requirements for migrating a virtual machine across vCenter Server instances
  • Explain how VMware vSphere® Fault Tolerance in vSphere 6.0 supports virtual machines with multiple virtual CPUs
  • Describe how vSphere Fault Tolerance maintains the secondary virtual machine in a ready state
  • Explain the mechanism by which the primary virtual machine is determined
  • Discuss the improvements made in handling all paths down (APD) and permanent device lost (PDL) conditions
  • Describe the increased scalability of vSphere HA
  • Explain the additional compatibility supported by vSphere HA
  • Explain the enhancement of vSphere HA admission control in vSphere 6.5
  • Describe the improvement of vSphere HA orchestrated restarts
  • Discuss how Proactive HA helps reduce VM downtime
  • Describe when to use these advanced vSphere DRS options in vSphere 6.5:
  • Describe VM distribution
  • Discuss memory metrics for load balancing
  • Describe CPU over commitment
  • Reduce the need for vSphere HA with Proactive HA
  • Increase VM and workload uptime with Predictive DRS 

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